Performance Evaluation of Textile Effluent Treatment Plant: Bangladesh Perspective
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the performance efficiency of an Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) of a Textile industry located at Tongi, Bangladesh with biological treatment (BT) and Membrane Bio-Reactor (MBR) with an average inflow of 300 m3/hr. The effluent samples were collected from the inlet and outlet of the ETP on a weekly basis for a 4 weeks’ period and were analysed for key parameters such as colour, temperature, total suspended solids (TSS), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), pH, Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD). In this study, it was observed that the colour of the effluent in the inlet was dark blue and after multiple unit treatments of the colour’s final outlet the discharge, water colour was very light purple. The temperature was varied from 32.2⁰C to 34.33⁰C. The TDS was varied from 1252.5 mg/l to 1087.5 mg/l and the percentage removal efficiency of TDS was varied from 21.47% to 42.7%. The TSS was varied from 4 mg/l to 4.5 mg/l and the percentage removal efficiency of TSS was varied from 98.48% to 98.21%. The pH value was varied from 6.48 to 7.63. The DO value in the inlet was varied from 6.47 mg/l to 6.775 mg/l. The BOD was recorded from 12.75 mg/l to 17.75 mg/l and the percentage removal efficiency of BOD was varied from 89.92% to 87.24%. The COD was varied from 33.75 mg/l to 34.25 mg/l and the percentage removal efficiency of COD was varied from 91.11% to 90.5%. It is conjectured that the values of the measured parameters are seen to be within the permissible limit as per the standard of the Department of Environment (DoE) of Bangladesh.
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