Parametric Effect on Surface Finish of Three-Dimensional Printed Object


The ability to use different parameters and finishing techniques in fused deposition modelling (FDM) depends largely on part geometries, materials, printing processes like Z-resolution and post processing to some extent. Low quality poor surface finish due to layer ovality, improper Z-resolution parameter selection and fill of the empty shell in three-dimensional (3D) printing, results unexpected texture and appearance. An investigation is carried out on the effects of Z-resolution (0.15 mm to 0.40 mm) and Fill parameters on flat and curved surface objects manufactured using the FDM process. Moreover, post surface treatment was performed using acetone. It was found that average surface roughness increases with increasing Z-resolution. Solid Fill can create a smoother surface as oppose to Sparse Fill. Surface roughness improves significantly after post treatment with organic solvent acetone.