Production of Abrasive Sandpaper using Periwinkle Shells and Crab Shells

  • Dr. Shuaib-Babata, Yusuf Lanre UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN, ILORIN, Nigeria
  • Engr. Ambali Ibrahim Owolabi University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Engr. Dr. Abdulqadir Lawal Babatunde Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Ibrahim Hassan Kobe University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Aremu Ishaq Na’allah University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Ibraheem Taofeek Olawale University of Ilorn, Ilorin, Nigeria

Abstract

In this study, the abrasive properties of periwinkle shell and crab shell grains with the binding effect of polyester resin at high concentration were evaluated. The abrasive properties considered were the hardness, compressive strength and wear resistance. The shells were processed into grit standards by crushing, grinding and then sieving using ASTM E11 set of sieves into grain sizes of P40 and P60. Furthermore on, the grits were developed into polymer matrix composite with particles varying from 96 wt.% to 92 wt.% and resin 3 wt.% to 7 wt.% with 1 wt.% each of cobalt naphthalene and methyl ethyl ketone peroxide hardener respectively by mixing and mold compression using a hydraulic press. It was found that, with an increase in polyester resin content, the hardness and compressive strength increased, while the wear rate decreased. The composition with most improved abrasive properties was 92 wt.% periwinkle shell grains to 7 wt.% polyester resin.

Author Biographies

Dr. Shuaib-Babata, Yusuf Lanre, UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN, ILORIN, Nigeria

Lecturer, Department of Materials & Metallurgical Engineering

Engr. Ambali Ibrahim Owolabi, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

Lecturer, Department of Materials & Metallurgical Engineering

Engr. Dr. Abdulqadir Lawal Babatunde, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin, Nigeria

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Ibrahim Hassan Kobe, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Aremu Ishaq Na’allah, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

Department of Materials & Metallurgical Engineering

Ibraheem Taofeek Olawale, University of Ilorn, Ilorin, Nigeria

Undergraduate Student, Department of Materials & Metallurgical Engineering

Published
2020-06-25
How to Cite
SHUAIB-BABATA, Y. L., Ambali, I. O., Abdulqadir , L. B., Ibrahim, H. K., Aremu, I. N., & Ibraheem, T. O. (2020). Production of Abrasive Sandpaper using Periwinkle Shells and Crab Shells. International Journal of Engineering Materials and Manufacture, 5(2), 55-61. https://doi.org/10.26776/ijemm.05.02.2020.04