Modeling the Effect of Road Excitation on Vehicle Suspension System


  • Robert Emmanuel Jonjo Fourah Bay College, University of Sierra Leone
  • Sahr Tamba Nyalloma Fourah Bay College, University of Sierra Leone



The vehicle suspension system serve a dual purpose – to provide passenger comfort and good road holding. In the design of a vehicle suspension system, these two contradictory criteria must be balanced out. Road irregularities are also a major source of anxiety amongst drivers and passengers alike. This research was undertaken to investigate the effect road irregularities will have on the vehicle structure especially the suspension system. In this study, the responses of different linear vehicle models are studied for step road input. The mathematical models considered are: a two degrees-of-freedom system (quarter car model) and a four degrees-of-freedom system (half car model). The equations of motion for both models were obtained using Newton’s method. These models are analysed using SIMULINK/Matlab. Different response parameters such as the acceleration of the vehicle body and the travel of the suspension are investigated for a passive suspension system. The responses of the vehicle suspension due to changes in parameters such as suspension stiffness and damping coefficients are investigated. The results show that road irregularities affect the vehicle structures and the response of the suspension system is dependent on the suspension parameters. Passive suspension systems do not satisfy road holding and passenger comfort at the same time.



How to Cite

Jonjo, R. E., & Nyalloma, S. T. . (2020). Modeling the Effect of Road Excitation on Vehicle Suspension System. International Journal of Engineering Materials and Manufacture, 5(1), 19–28.