An Investigation on Optimum Process Parameters in Terms of Surface Roughness for Turning Titanium Alloy Ti-6Al-4V Using Coated Carbide
The quality of machined parts and the productivity of machining that leads to economic sustainability. These factors are also vital for machinability improvement for materials, as well as, for economically sustainable manufacturing. Due to their poor machinability titanium alloys (Ti-alloys) are categorised as difficult-to-machine materials. For the same reason products made of Ti-alloys are highly expensive and are used only in strategic and sophisticated industries. A series of real-life experimental investigations was carried out to reveal the economic optimal zones of machining parameters that can produce the best possible surface roughness in machining Ti-6Al-4V alloy, using the coated carbide cutting tools, in shortest period of operation time. As the output of the research, for using the coated carbide tools for machining the investigated Ti-alloy, optimal zones of cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut have been proposed and presented in graphical format. The current research revealed that all three groups (with nose radius Nr = 0.4, 0.8, and 1.2 mm) of coated carbide tools are capable to produce best surface finish, ranging between Ra = 0.5 - 1.0 µm, with cutting speed starting at V = 60 m/min and beyond at least up to V = 250 m/min while keeping the feed rate and depth of cut as constants as f = 0.1 mm/rev and d = 0.5 mm. The data on the graphs may help researchers, engineers and manufacturers to select optimal economic cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut to achieve a certain level of surface roughness of machined components as assigned by the product designer on the part drawing. This reduces the production cost substantially, reduces number of defect products and improves product quality for machined parts.
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